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area metropolitana bologna

The windy 666 vault arcades, almost four kilometres (3,796 m or 12,454 ft) long, effectively links San Luca, as the church is commonly called, to the city centre. The Metropolitan City is headed by the Metropolitan Mayor and by the Metropolitan Council. 2 Answers. It has also shown a strong commitment to promoting music as an important vehicle for inclusion in the fight against racism and in an effort to encourage economic and social development. [53], The legislative body of the municipality is the City Council (Consiglio Comunale), which is composed by 48 councillors elected every five years with a corrected proportional system (granting the majority to the list or alliance of lists which receives more votes), contextually to the mayoral elections. However, extreme infighting inside the Holy See after the Western Schism prevented the papacy from restoring its domination over Bologna, so it remained relatively independent for some decades as an oligarchic republic. Painters working in Bologna during this period established the Bolognese School which includes Annibale Carracci, Domenichino, Guercino and others of European fame. The Metropolitan City of Bologna is a metropolitan city in the Emilia Romagna region, Italy. [68] Furthermore, Bologna is well known for its dense network of cooperatives, a feature that dates back to the social struggles of farmers and workers in the 1800s and that today produces up to a third of its GDP[69] and occupies 265 thousand people in the Emilia-Romagna region.[70]. Home → Europe → Italy → Emilia-Romagna. Here you can report content that do not comply with the Resdagboken guidelines. [106] and, to date (2014) is Italy's oldest rugby union club still in operation. In 1401, Giovanni I Bentivoglio took power in a coup with the support of Milan, but the Milanese, having turned his back on them and allied with Florence, marched on Bologna and had Giovanni killed the following year. However, Bologna reverted to form in 2004 when Sergio Cofferati, a former trade union leader, unseated Guazzaloca. Altre informazioni. FeLSA Bologna è l'organizzazione sindacale che segue i lavoratori somministrati, gli autonomi e gli atipici del territorio bolognese Area dirigenti; Scheda informativa 2 e tabella 15 del conto annuale; Organigramma; Anagrafe dei procedimenti; Diritto di accesso. According to the most recent data gathered by the European Regional Economic Growth Index (E-REGI) of 2009, Bologna is the first Italian city and the 47th European city in terms of its economic growth rate. Pagina ufficiale della Città metropolitana di Bologna. [18] In the last quarter of the 8th century, Charlemagne, at the request of Pope Adrian I, invaded the Lombard Kingdom, causing its eventual demise. L'area metropolitana di Bologna insiste sul territorio della ex provincia di Bologna, nella regione Emilia-Romagna, ente in seguito trasformato nella città metropolitana per LR 12/04/1995 nº 33 e LR 24/03/2000 nº 20. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Bologna, then a frontier outpost of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna, was repeatedly sacked by the Goths; it is in this period that legendary Bishop Petronius, according to ancient chronicles, rebuilt the ruined town and founded the basilica of Saint Stephen. The second one, "the learned" (la dotta) is a reference to its university. [107][108][109] It is home to the home games of Fortitudo Baseball Bologna, in the Italian Baseball League.[107][110]. The city of Bologna became a UNESCO City of Music on 26 May 2006. Bologna Jazz Festival,[89] Biografilm Festival (a film festival devote to biographic movies),[90] BilBolBul (a comics festival),[91] Danza Urbana (a street contemporary dance festival)[92] F.I.S.Co(festival on contemporary art, now merged in Live Arts Week) Future Film Festival (animation and special effects),[93]Il Cinema Ritrovato(film festival about rare and forgotten movies),[94] Live Arts Week, Gender Bender (festival on gender identity, sexual orientation and body representation),[95] Homework festival (electronic music festival),[96] Human Rights Film Festival,[97] Some Prefer Cake (lesbian film festival),[98] Zecchino d'Oro (a children's song contest). The city was heavily bombed again on 25 September. Istituita l'8 aprile 2014, è operativa dal 1° gennaio 2015.. Il codice Istat del nuovo ente è 237, che sostituisce il codice Istat 037 dell'omonima provincia.. ", "STAZIONE 140 BOLOGNA: medie mensili periodo 61 – 90", "Bologna Borgo Panigale: Record mensili dal 1946", "Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali", Ballottaggio 2016, Merola confermato sindaco, "Demographic Balance for the year 2017 (provisional data)", "Metropolitan cities in Italy. It is the seventh most populous city in Italy with about 390,000 inhabitants and 150 different nationalities. As a consequence, the traditionally moderate elites of the city turned their back on the progressive faction and gave their support to the rising Fascist movement of Benito Mussolini. Of the two, the former won 15 Italian basketball championships and two Euroleagues making them one of the most influential European basketball clubs; the latter won two league titles between 1999 and 2005. "Benvenuti a Bologna – Welcome to Bologna" Oct 18, 2016, "Dati statistici temperature e precipitazioni dal 1991 al 2009", "Febbraio 2012, ma quanta neve è caduta? [48] At the end of 1978 the construction of a tower block and several diverse buildings and structures started. An important figure of Italian Bolognese theatre was Alfredo Testoni, the playwright, author of The Cardinal Lambertini, which has had great theatrical success since 1905, repeated on screen by the Bolognese actor Gino Cervi. [23] By 1200, Bologna was a thriving commercial and artisanal centre of about 10,000 people.[24]. To this day, Bologna is still very much a university town, with over 80,000 enrolled students in 2015. The period of Papal rule over Bologna (1506–1796) has been generally evaluated by historians as one of severe decline. The Italian Basketball League, which operates both Lega A and LegADue, has its headquarters in Bologna. Clockwise from top: panorama of Bologna and the surrounding hills. [79] The university's botanical garden, the Orto Botanico dell'Università di Bologna, was established in 1568; it is the fourth oldest in Europe. No more than twenty medieval defensive towers remain out of up to 180 that were built in the 12th and 13th centuries before the arrival of unified civic government. The Province of Bologna stretches from the Po Plain into the Apennines; the highest point in the province is the peak of Corno alle Scale (in Lizzano in Belvedere) at 1,945 metres (6,381 ft) above sea level. After a 15-month period in which the city was administered under Anna Maria Cancellieri (as a state-appointed prefect), Virginio Merola was elected as mayor, leading a left-wing coalition comprising the Democratic Party, Left Ecology Freedom and Italy of Values.[51]. [73], The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Bologna, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 53 min. At the end of 2016, the city proper had a population of 388,254 (while 1 million live in the greater Bologna area), located in the province of Bologna, Emilia Romagna, of whom 46.7% were male and 53.3% were female. Bologna developed along the Via Emilia as an Etruscan and later Roman colony; the Via Emilia still runs straight through the city under the changing names of Strada Maggiore, Rizzoli, Ugo Bassi, and San Felice. In 1998, the City of Bologna initiated the project "Bologna dei Teatri" (Bologna of the Theatres), an association of the major theatrical facilities in the city. The seat of the regional government is Fiera District, a tower complex designed by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange in 1985. Visit eXtraBo, the information office dedicated to the nature in Bologna and its surroundings. 7 years ago. Bologna was the center of a revived study of law, including the scholar Irnerius[20] (c 1050 – after 1125) and his famous students, the Four Doctors of Bologna. L'adesione è motivata dalla volontà di collaborare e cooperare per gestire, a livello di area vasta, funzioni sovracomunali puntualmente individuate. A series of plagues in the late 16th to early 17th century reduced the population of the city from some 72,000 in the mid-16th century to about 47,000 by 1630. After the death of Matilda of Tuscany in 1115, Bologna obtained substantial concessions from Emperor Henry V. However, when Frederick Barbarossa subsequently attempted to strike down the deal, Bologna joined the Lombard League, which then defeated the imperial armies at the Battle of Legnano and established an effective autonomy at the Peace of Constance in 1183. 9% of public transit riders ride for more than 2 hours every day. [102] Traditional Bolognese desserts are often linked to holidays, such as fave dei morti ("cookies of the dead"), multi-coloured almond paste cookies made for All Saints' Day, jam-filled raviole cookies that are served on Saint Joseph's Day, and carnival sweets known as sfrappole, a light and delicate fried pastry topped with powder sugar, certosino or panspeziale ("carthusian" o "apothecary-cake"), a spicy cake served on Christmas. eXtraBo. It has baptised the famous Bolognese sauce, a meat-based pasta sauce that in Italy is called ragù and is substantially different from the variety found worldwide; moreover, in Bologna the sauce is used only as a dressing for tagliatelle, serving it with spaghetti being considered odd. Papal rule was contested in the uprisings of 1831. Favourite answer. Johns Hopkins University maintains its Bologna Center in the city, which hosts one of the overseas campuses of the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). The influence of Etruscan civilization reached the area in the 7th to 6th centuries, and the Etruscan city of Felsina was founded at the site of Bologna by the end of the 6th century. During the late 1200s, Bologna was affected by political instability when the most prominent families incessantly fought for the control of the town. [65] It connects Porta Saragozza (one of the twelve gates of the ancient walls built in the Middle Ages, which circled a 7.5 km (4.7 mi) part of the city) with the Sanctuary of the Madonna di San Luca, a church begun in 1723 on the site of an 11th-century edifice which had already been enlarged in the 14th century, prominently located on a hill (289 metres (948 feet)) overlooking the town, which is one of Bologna's main landmarks. By this time, the Germans had already largely left the city in the face of the Allied advance, spearheaded by Polish forces advancing from the east during the Battle of Bologna which had been fought since 9 April. In 1564, the Piazza del Nettuno and the Palazzo dei Banchi were built, along with the Archiginnasio, the main building of the university. Hunt Janin: "The university in medieval life, 1179–1499", McFarland, 2008. Allegato 2 Area metropolitana di Bologna: assetto territoriale delle funzioni di programmazione e gestione aree servizi sociali e socio-sanitari stato dell’arte al 15 aprile 2019 Ambito distrettuale di BOLOGNA Ambito distrettuale di APPENNINO BOLOGNESE Ambito distrettuale di PIANURA EST Ambito distrettuale di PIANURA OVEST The University of Bologna, conventionally said to have been founded in 1088 by glossators Irnerius and Pepo,[77] is the oldest university in Europe. The high number of students coming from all over Italy and the world (in Bologna there are several campuses of foreign universities such as Johns Hopkins University, Dickinson College, Indiana University, Brown University, University of California and more) considerably affects the everyday life: if on one hand it contributes to liven up the city centre (an area in which the average age of the residents is very high), and it also helps to promote cultural initiatives, on the other hand it creates public order and garbage problems which are related to the lively nightlife of the university district. Qual'è la più vicina fermata della metropolitana a Via Marconi a Bologna. [100] Well-regarded nearby vineyards include Pignoletto dei Colli Bolognesi, Lambrusco di Modena and Sangiovese di Romagna. Unimpresa Bologna 14 hours ago ROMA (ITALPRESS) - Sono 10.407 i nuovi casi di Coronavirus in Italia, secondo i dati del Ministero della Salute - Istituto Superiore di Sanità, a fronte 81.285 tamponi effettuati, su un totale di 25.631.899 da inizio emergenza. This is a circuit of theatres which offer diverse theatrical opportunities, ranging from Bolognese dialect to contemporary dance, but with a communications strategy and promoting unity. The population development of Bologna. In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Bologna grew by 0.0 percent, while Italy as a whole grew by 3.56 percent. Discovering all this is an experience that you won’t easily forget. [61] In this policy framework, the Mayor of Bologna is designated to exercise the functions of Metropolitan mayor (Sindaco metropolitano), presiding over a Metropolitan Council formed by 18 mayors of municipalities within the Metro municipality. In 1995, members of the neo-fascist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari were convicted for carrying out the attack, while Licio Gelli—Grand Master of the underground Freemason lodge Propaganda Due (P2)—was convicted for hampering the investigation, together with three agents of the secret military intelligence service SISMI (including Francesco Pazienza and Pietro Musumeci). This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). [78] The Studium, as it was originally known, began as a loosely organized teaching system with each master collecting fees from students on an individual basis. Specifically, the shows on the bill in various theatres participating in the project are advertised weekly through a single poster. [101] Tagliatelle with ragù, lasagne, tortellini served in broth, and mortadella, the original Bologna sausage, are among the local specialties. Famous for its towers, churches and lengthy porticoes, Bologna has a well-preserved historical centre, thanks to a careful restoration and conservation policy which began at the end of the 1970s. [49] In 1985 the headquarters of the regional government of Emilia-Romagna moved in the new district.[50]. Bologna (Metropolitan City, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) with population statistics, charts, map and location. Secondo il rapporto CENSIS del 2015, Bologna fa parte di una conurbazione denominata "Area emiliana" che include 36 comuni delle zone urbane di Bologna, Modena, Reggio Emilia e Parma, con una popolazione di 1 520 380[2]. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 07:52. [75] The current birth rate of Bologna is 8.07 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births. While the Province of Bologna has a population of 1,007,644,[59] making it the twelfth most populated province of Italy, Emilia-Romagna ranks as the sixth most populated region of Italy, with about 4.5 million inhabitants, more than 7% of the national total. The period of Papal rule saw also the construction of many churches and other religious establishments, and the restoration of older ones. The last major snow event was in November 2012. [42][43] By the end of the war, 43% of all buildings in Bologna had been destroyed or damaged. In 727–28, the city was sacked and captured by the Lombards under King Liutprand, becoming part of that kingdom. Bologna has also two other nicknames: the first one, "the towered" (la turrita) refers to the high number of medieval towers that can be found in the city, even if today only 24 towers are still standing. Dati relativi al 2014 ed anni precedenti | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The next centre-left mayor, Flavio Delbono, elected in June 2009, resigned in January 2010 after being involved in a corruption scandal. The economy was stagnant because of Papal policies that distorted trade with heavy custom duties and sold concessions of monopolies to single manufacturers thus lowering competition, depressing productivity and incentivising corruption. During a campaign to support the imperial cities of Modena and Cremona against Bologna, Frederick II's son, King Enzo of Sardinia, was defeated and captured on 26 May 1249 at the Battle of Fossalta. San Petronio Basilica, built between 1388 and 1479 (but still unfinished), is the tenth-largest church in the world by volume, 132 metres long and 66 metres wide, while the vault reaches 45 metres inside and 51 metres in the facade. Since 21 June 2016 Virginio Merola, as mayor of the capital city, has been the mayor of the Metropolitan City. It numbered Dante, Boccaccio and Petrarch among its students. Felsa CISL Area Metropolitana Bolognese, Bologna. Bologna Centrale railway station is one of Italy's most important train hubs thanks to the city's strategic location as a crossroad between north–south and east–west routes. Since the soldiers were dressed in British outfits, they were initially thought to be part of the allied forces; when the local inhabitants heard the soldiers were speaking Italian, they poured out onto the streets to celebrate. [21] Believed to have been established in 1088, the University of Bologna is widely considered the world's oldest university in continuous operation. The most famous of the towers of Bologna are the central "Due Torri" (Asinelli and Garisenda), whose iconic leaning forms provide a popular symbol of the town.[63]. The original Roman ramparts were supplanted by a high medieval system of fortifications, remains of which are still visible, and finally by a third and final set of ramparts built in the 13th century, of which numerous sections survive. After World War I, Bologna was heavily involved in the Biennio Rosso socialist uprisings. In more recent history, Luigi Galvani, the discoverer of bioelectromagnetics, and Guglielmo Marconi, the pioneer of radio technology, also worked at the University. [16] Rugby union is also present in the city: Rugby Bologna 1928 is not only one of the oldest Italian rugby union clubs but also the first ever club affiliated to the Italian rugby union federation. used as a reference to the colour of the buildings in the city centre, has later become connected with the communist ideology supported by the majority of the population, in particular after World War II: until the election of a centre-right mayor in 1999, the city was renowned as a bastion of the Italian Communist Party. 1 0. [citation needed], In the post-war years, Bologna became a thriving industrial centre as well as a political stronghold of the Italian Communist Party. Title:cisl area metropolitana bologna. [44][45], After the armistice of 1943, the city became a key centre of the Italian resistance movement. Occupied by Frankish troops in 774 on behalf of the papacy, Bologna remained under imperial authority and prospered as a frontier mark of the Carolingian empire.[19]. L'area metropolitana nasce da un'adesione volontaria di 50 comuni della Provincia di Bologna, ad eccezione di quelli del comprensorio di Imola, che sottoscrivono l'accordo per la Città Metropolitana di Bologna promosso dal comune e dalla provincia di Bologna. Place in Provincia di Bologna, Emilia-Romagna (Italy). However, this was not evident in the 1500s, which were marked by some major developments in Bologna. Pagina ufficiale della Città metropolitana di Bologna. The sum each of the pairs can be calculated as one cuboid of double width. The rivalry is temporarily dormant since Fortitudo left the country's professional ranks when, following the 2008–09 season, the club was relegated from the top-level Lega A to LegADue, before being relegated further to the nominally amateur Serie A Dilettanti for financial reasons; in the 2012–13 season, Fortitudo will play in the LegADue. The Boroughs have the power to advise the Mayor with nonbinding opinions on a large spectrum of topics (environment, construction, public health, local markets) and exercise the functions delegated to them by the City Council; in addition they are supplied with an autonomous founding in order to finance local activities. As in all of Emilia-Romagna, the production of cured pork meats such as prosciutto, mortadella and salumi is an important part of the local food industry. Fostering a wide range of genres from classical to electronic, jazz, folk and opera, Bologna offers its citizens a musical vitality that deeply infiltrates the city's professional, academic, social and cultural facets."[85]. Du Pouget was eventually ousted by a popular rebellion and Bologna became a signoria under Taddeo Pepoli in 1334. Azienda USL di Bologna Azienda USL di Imola Centrale Operativa 118 Emilia Est Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna Laboratorio Unico Metropolitano (LUM) Servizio Trasfusionale Unico Metropolitano (TUM) Area Vasta Emilia Centrale [17] Petronius is still revered as patron saint of Bologna. [29] In the mid-17th century, population stabilized at roughly 60,000, slowly increasing to some 70,000 by the mid-18th century. Noteworthy students present at the university in centuries past included Dante, Petrarch, Thomas Becket, Pope Nicholas V, Erasmus of Rotterdam, Peter Martyr Vermigli, and Copernicus. On 7 November 1944, a pitched battle around Porta Lame, waged by partisans of the 7th Brigade of the Gruppi d'Azione Patriottica against Fascist and Nazi occupation forces, did not succeed in triggering a general uprising, despite being one of the largest resistance-led urban conflicts in the European theatre. Bologna (/bəˈloʊnjə/, UK also /bəˈlɒnjə/, Italian: [boˈloɲɲa] (listen); Emilian (Bolognese dialect): Bulåggna [buˈlʌɲːa]; Latin: Bonōnia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna region in Northern Italy. Minors (children ages 18 and younger) totalled 12.86 percent of the population compared to pensioners who number 27.02 percent. [60] The new Metro municipalities, giving large urban areas the administrative powers of a province, are conceived for improving the performance of local administrations and to slash local spending by better co-ordinating the municipalities in providing basic services (including transport, school and social programs) and environment protection. [40] Dino Grandi, a high-ranking Fascist party official and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, remembered for being an Anglophile, was from Bologna. In addition, Bologna hosts a music school, Conservatorio Giovanni Battista Martini, established in 1804, and an art school, Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna, founded in 1802. The club took part to the top tier of the Italian championship for the first 25 years of their history never winning the title but getting to the runner-up place several times; they returned in top division (Serie A1 then Super 10), in the late 1990s and faced serious financial problems which led them to the relegation and almost to disappearance. Laura Bassi, appointed in 1732, became the first woman to officially teach at a university in Europe. By the mid 1840s, unemployment levels were very high and traditional industries continued to languish or disappear; Bologna became a city of economic disparity with the top 10 percent of the population living off rent, another 20 percent exercising professions or commerce and 70 percent working in low-paid, often insecure manual jobs. [39] Indeed, Bologna gave Italy one of its first prime ministers, Marco Minghetti. In 1442, Hannibal I Bentivoglio, Giovanni's nephew, recovered Bologna from the Milanese, only to be assassinated in a conspiracy plotted by Pope Eugene IV three years later. The Basilica of Saint Dominic is an example of Romanic architecture from the 13th century, enriched by the monumental tombs of great Bolognese glossators Rolandino de'Passeggeri and Egidio Foscherari. As Bologna's two main watercourses flow directly to the sea, the town lies outside of the drainage basin of the River Po. Knowing the height of the central nave and the width of the building, the measures of the sections can be calculated by measuring an orthograde photo of the facade. Commemorations take place in Bologna on 2 August each year, culminating in a concert in the main square. The pope's efforts to stimulate the decaying textile industry had little success, while he was more successful in reforming the tax system, liberalising trade[33] and relaxing the oppressive system of censorship. L'area metropolitana attualmente ha valore esclusivamente statistico. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 12 min, while 16% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. C@NN@L@ 7 years ago. The club play at the 38,000-capacity Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, which has hosted the Italian national team in both football and rugby union, as well as the San Marino national football team. [84] Napoleon briefly reinstated the ancient mode of government, giving power to the Senate, which however had to swear fealty to the short lived Cispadane Republic, created as a client state of the French Empire at the congress of Reggio (27 December 1796 – 9 January 1797) but succeeded by the Cisalpine Republic on 9 July 1797, later by the Italian Republic and finally the Kingdom of Italy. Bologna (Metropolitan City, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) with population statistics, charts, map and location. The largest immigrant group came from other European countries (mostly Romanians and Albanians): 2.82%, East Asia (mostly Filipino): 1.50%, and South Asia (mostly from Bangladesh): 1.39%.[76]. The police shooting of a far-left activist, Francesco Lorusso, sparked two days of street clashes. Bologna is the capital of the eponymous metropolitan city and of Emilia-Romagna, one of the twenty regions of Italy. [22] The medical school was especially renowned. In the Napoleonic era, the headquarters of the university were moved to their present location on Via Zamboni, in the north-eastern sector of the city centre. [47] Eventually the city council, in spite of vetoing Tange's master plan, decided to keep his project for a new exhibition centre and business district. [99] Situated in the fertile Po River Valley, the rich local cuisine depends heavily on meats and cheeses. A cura della redazione di “Bologna Metropolitana” direttore responsabile Davide Bergamini Tel. Card. The cityscape is further enriched by its elegant and extensive porticoes, for which the city is famous. Until the late 19th century, when a large-scale urban renewal project was undertaken, Bologna was one of the few remaining large walled cities in Europe; to this day and despite having suffered considerable bombing damage in 1944, Bologna's 142 hectares (350 acres) historic centre is Europe's second largest,[62] containing an immense wealth of important medieval, renaissance, and baroque artistic monuments. Its capital is the city of Bologna. 1.466 oseb je bilo tu. The Portico di San Luca is possibly the world's longest.

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